LeetCode 582. Kill Process [Swift 题解]

题目

Given n processes, each process has a unique PID (process id) and its PPID (parent process id).

Each process only has one parent process, but may have one or more children processes. This is just like a tree structure. Only one process has PPID that is 0, which means this process has no parent process. All the PIDs will be distinct positive integers.

We use two list of integers to represent a list of processes, where the first list contains PID for each process and the second list contains the corresponding PPID.

Now given the two lists, and a PID representing a process you want to kill, return a list of PIDs of processes that will be killed in the end. You should assume that when a process is killed, all its children processes will be killed. No order is required for the final answer.

Example 1:

Input:  
pid =  [1, 3, 10, 5]  
ppid = [3, 0, 5, 3]  
kill = 5  
Output: [5,10]  
Explanation:  
           3
         /   \
        1     5
             /
            10
Kill 5 will also kill 10.  

思路

如果不需要construct tree的数据结构的话可以用dictionary来存储children的信息, 然后穷举所有的children即可。

class Solution {  
    func killProcess(_ pid: [Int], _ ppid: [Int], _ kill: Int) -> [Int] {
        guard pid.count == ppid.count else {
            return [Int]()
        }

        var children = [Int: [Int]]()
        for (index, item) in ppid.enumerated() {
            if var child = children[item] {
                child.append(pid[index])
                children[item] = child
            } else {
                children[item] = [pid[index]]
            }
        }

        var result = [Int]()
        result.append(kill)

        if var processes = children[kill] {
            while !processes.isEmpty {
                let process = processes.removeFirst()
                result.append(process)

                if let child = children[process] {
                    processes.append(contentsOf: child)
                }
            }
        }

        return result
    }
}

chenbo

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